Thunderstorms and high winds forced NASA to abandon Thursday a first attempt to land the space shuttle Discovery, which earlier dodged debris as it prepared for a high-speed descent to Earth.
“We will wave off this attempt,” Eric Boe, mission control’s shuttle communicator, told astronauts seeking to return home at the end of a 13-day mission to the International Space Station.
A second attempt to land Discovery at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando in Florida, is scheduled for 0040 GMT Friday, although NASA said conditions were not expected to improve in time.
Further bids to bring Discovery home are penciled in for later Friday and Edwards Air Force Base in California is ready to become an alternative landing site if required, the US space agency said.
Favorable conditions at Edwards on Friday were forecast to worsen on Saturday due to winds kicked up by Hurricane Linda in the Pacific ocean. The shuttle is equipped with enough provisions to remain in orbit through Sunday.
The crew earlier carried out a 14-second evasive maneuver to prevent Discovery from hitting a piece of debris that had apparently drifted away from the shuttle during a spacewalk Saturday, mission control said.
When all was clear, shuttle commander Rick Sturckow and his crew were given the green light to close the doors on Discovery’s big cargo bay and begin other preparations for the planned descent.
Discovery’s return marks the end of a successful mission to the space station during which the crew installed new scientific equipment, overhauled the orbiter’s cooling system and gathered up external experiments.
On Wednesday, NASA mission managers finished an evaluation of the shuttle’s heat shielding, concluding that the fragile thermal barrier was in good shape for the high-velocity descent to Earth.
Sturckow and Discovery pilot Kevin Ford tested the spacecraft’s steering and communications systems as well, finding no problems.
It was during the steering tests that one of the astronauts noticed and captured photographs of a three to four-inch-long (seven to 10-centimeter) strip of material floating away from the shuttle.
Discovery returns to Earth with American astronaut Tim Kopra, who is ending a 57-day mission to the space station, and just over 5,200 pounds (2,300 kilos) of research gear, discarded equipment and trash.
“This experience has completely exceeded anything I thought it would be like, just in sights and sounds, the experiences,” said Kopra. “It’s been absolutely phenomenal.”
He was replaced on the station by American Nicole Stott, who is due to remain aboard the outpost with five Russian, European and Canadian astronauts through late November.
Discovery’s mission, which featured three spacewalks, left the 220-mile (354-kilometer) high space station better equipped to house crews of six astronauts as NASA prepares to retire its aging space shuttle fleet by early 2011.
A half-dozen shuttle missions remain, each intended to gradually complete the assembly of the 15-nation space station.